A. Relationship between Organization, Administration and Management
It refers to the form of the enterprise or institution and the arrangement of the human and material resources functioning in a manner to achieve the objectives of the enterprise. It represents two or more than two people respectively specializing in functions of each perform, working together towards a common goal as governed by formal rules of behavior.
It is concerned with the determination of corporate policy and the overall coordination of production, distribution and finance.
It refers to the execution of policy within the limits which are established by administration and the employment of the organization as required.
Sheldon states, “Organization is the formation of an effective machine; management, of an effective executive; administration, of an effective direction. Administration defines the goal; management strives towards it. Organization is the machine of management in its achievement of the ends determined by Administration.
B. Scope and Importance of School Organization
The scope of school organization is very vast. It includes; efficiency of the institution, securing benefits of the school through practical measures, clarification of the functions of the school, coordination of the educational programmes, sound educational planning, good direction, efficient and systematic execution. It provides close collaboration and sense of sharing responsibilities, organized purpose and dynamic approach.
Any organization plays a vital role in the life of human being. It plays different functions like; brings efficiency, guide pupil to receive right direction from the right teachers, enables the pupil to get profit from their learning, bring coordination of the student-teacher-parents-society. It provides well defined policies and programmes, favorable teaching learning situation, growth and development of human beings, make use of appropriate materials, effective development of human qualities, execution of the programmes, arrangement of the activities, efforts for attainment of the objectives etc.
In school organization, there is a great role of economy, men, and material to achieve the desired objectives. Following there is a great role of different subject which is called the scope in the school organization.
1. Role of School Plant
It is a comprehensive term which means, building, playground, furniture, equipment, library, laboratory etc. all those physical facilities which are required for achieving various objectives of the school organization constitutes the school plant. Optimum utilization of school plant helps in achieving fruitful results and desired objectives.
2. Role of Curricular and Co-Curricular Activities
Kerr defined curriculum as, “all the learning which is planned and guided by the school whether it is carried on in a group or individually, inside the school or outside it”. He further states that it can be divided into four inter-related components i.e., curriculum objectives, knowledge, learning experiences and curriculum evaluation. Curricular activities involves games, sports, scouting, hiking, debates, essay writing, workshops, symposiums, naat competitions, role playing, discussion, seminars which play their important role for comprehensive development of the personality of the child.
3. Role of Human Resources
Human resources of the school are students, teaching staff and non-teaching staff. There is no betterment without teacher in the school. Proper planning and organization of teaching learning activities can only be achieved through Cooperation, willingness, involvement, fellow feelings and devotion of teachers, students, librarians, assistants, peons, etc.
4. Role of Financial Resources
Utilization and development of financial resources have its great importance in school organization. School organization requires proper budgeting, accounting and audit system because these are beneficial for making transparent policies, plans, rules and regulation.